The US Airlines is grounding emotional-support animals

American Airlines is banning emotional-support animals in a move that will force the pet owners to pay extra if they want their pets to travel with them.

The airline said Tuesday that it will allow pets in the cabin free of charge only if they are trained service dogs. The change takes effect Monday, although passengers who already bought tickets can fly with a companion animal until Feb. 1. The move follows a similar decision by Alaska Airlines and is likely to be copied by other carriers. The U.S. Transportation Department confirmed the way for the crackdown against companion animals last month.

American said passengers with a service dog will need to complete a government form vouching for the dog’s health condition, training and temperament.

Other animals, including dogs not trained as service dogs, will only be able to fly in the cargo hold or a kennel that fits under a seat in the cabin. Either way, they will collect a pet fee ranging from $125 to 500 dollars.

Jessica Tyler, American’s president of cargo, said the rules will help passengers with service animals and protect employees on planes and in airports.

The number of passengers flying with companion animals grew constantly in recent years, with some saying the animals helped them overcome anxiety and other issues. Passengers only needed a note from a health specialist, and a cottage industry sprang up to provide those notes along with vests and other accoutrements for their animals.

Airlines and especially flight attendants took a more critical view, saying passengers were exploiting a loophole in federal regulations to avoid pet fees. In a few cases, including some involving serious injuries, companion animals bit other passengers. Last month, the Transportation system Department settled the matter, siding mostly with the airlines. It said bearers were free to ban any animal other than dogs formally trained to help people with physical or psychological disabilities.

The department estimated that under the new rules airlines will scoop up $59.6 million a year in animal fees.

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